At the recently held Zhuhai Air Show, the C919 nacelle of a large domestic aircraft was unveiled. At present, C919 large passenger aircraft has signed up to 15 users, the total number of orders reached 380. It is understood that the first batch of installed parts of the C919 large passenger aircraft has been manufactured in Chengdu, Shanghai and other places and has begun a comprehensive trial production.
According to Zhou Kaixuan, deputy director of the Department of Flight Standards of the Civil Aviation Administration of China, with the launch of low-altitude reforms and the first flight of large domestic aircraft, China ’s business aviation market will grow rapidly in the coming years, and aviation maintenance An important pillar industry for the development of China's civil aviation. It is predicted that by 2015, the market size of China's aviation maintenance industry will reach more than 45 billion yuan, the demand for new maintenance technicians will exceed 24,000, and the aviation maintenance industry will usher in huge development space.
Enterprises from various roads are actively deploying each business jet of the company to spend at least US $ 500,000 on basic maintenance each year. & rdquo; According to Zhang Zhigang, president of Daxinhua Aviation Technology, the maintenance cost of aircraft accounts for 12% of the total maintenance cost of an airline, which is the second largest cost after the fuel cost of 16.9%. Therefore, while ensuring safe development, how to reduce maintenance costs has also become an important problem facing airlines. Therefore, at present, major airlines are actively developing their own maintenance bases.
Zhao Baolin, general manager of China Southern's Shenyang maintenance base, stated that the company's goal is to break the technology monopoly of aircraft manufacturers and establish a repair capability for composite materials. In the next 10 years, it will save China Southern Airlines (600029) more than 1 billion yuan in repair costs. 10 years to participate in China's domestic repair market of 5 billion yuan. In fact, in addition to the maintenance capabilities developed by aviation companies themselves, independent third-party aviation maintenance companies have also sprung up in recent years.
Chen Jie, deputy general manager of Chengdu Huatai Aviation Technology Co., Ltd., which is mainly engaged in the maintenance of aviation airborne equipment, told the reporter of China Business Daily that there are currently more than 150 independent third-party aviation maintenance enterprises nationwide, mainly in avionics maintenance and In the two fields of aviation machinery maintenance, there are more than 20 companies with tens of millions of scale.
Chen Jie said that these independent aviation maintenance companies, although relatively small compared to airline maintenance units, still have some of their own advantages. The main reason is that these companies mostly focus on the "small and fine" subdivision areas, such as the production and maintenance of aviation communication, navigation, lighting, display, early warning and other equipment, and their maintenance costs are also several thousand yuan to ten million yuan. Wait. If these are left to the airline itself for maintenance, it will require more professional skills and personnel, and it is difficult to achieve economies of scale, so this gives independent aviation maintenance companies greater market space.
Chen Jie said that in the past, aviation maintenance was mostly returned to the original factory, which was maintained by foreign aircraft manufacturing giants. However, now China's local maintenance can also save costs and speed up the turnover rate. This is an extremely realistic problem. The normal operation of airlines needs the support of third-party aviation maintenance companies. On the other hand, foreign companies also need to cooperate with China. In addition, in Chen Jie's view, although the maintenance of airline equipment is relatively mature, the maintenance of airport facilities has greater development potential, and the company will also consider extending this aspect in the future.
Now we also pay attention to one important thing, that is the progress of the large domestic aircraft C919. & rdquo; Chen Jie said that as an important task for the development of China ’s aviation industry, large domestic aircraft must be flying to the sky, then some of the attachments on the aircraft will also be produced and maintained spontaneously by China, which has also given Chinese aviation maintenance companies a Big market opportunities.
On the other hand, Zhao Baolin also admitted that the airlines are currently facing some difficulties in the development of maintenance capabilities. In order to seize the market, some manufacturers impose a technical blockade on aviation maintenance companies, and do not provide manuals, drawings, and repair plans. , Or even refuse to order from maintenance companies, making it very difficult for maintenance companies to develop maintenance projects, especially those with core technology and high value-added projects.
Breaking off the "development" in early November, at the "China Aviation Maintenance Summit" held in Xi'an, Wang Xuedong, deputy director of the Xi'an Xixian New District Administrative Committee, told reporters that the "Western Aircraft Maintenance Base Development Plan" has been prepared. According to the plan, Xixian New District will build the largest and most core aircraft maintenance base in the west. The project has a total planning of 25 square kilometers. According to the development of the spatial structure of "one axis, two wings and eight areas", the investment exceeds 30 billion yuan. According to reports, it is estimated that by 2020, the total industrial output value of the aircraft maintenance base in the western region will reach 80 billion yuan. In fact, not only Xi'an, Chengdu, Xiamen, Shanghai and many other places have exerted efforts in the aircraft maintenance industry in recent years.
The aviation maintenance industry is the basis for the operation of the civil aviation transportation industry and the guarantee of safe flight. In the past ten years, China's civil aviation maintenance industry has initially formed an independent system. & rdquo; Zhou Kaixuan, deputy director of the Department of Flight Standards of the Civil Aviation Administration of China, said that the scale development of China ’s civil aviation maintenance industry can be described by the word “due dike”: the total civil aviation maintenance market in China reached US $ 2.32 billion in 2010, accounting for the world ’s civil aviation 5% of the maintenance market has become the fastest growing civil aviation maintenance market in the world, with engine maintenance accounting for 40% of the total, and route maintenance, aircraft overhaul and modification, accessory repair and overhaul each accounting for 20%.
The Chinese civil aviation maintenance market will continue to maintain a relatively high growth rate in the future. & rdquo; Li Yangmin, chairman of China Eastern Airlines (600115) Co., Ltd. and chairman of the China Civil Aviation Maintenance Association, said that by the end of the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period, the civil aviation maintenance market will reach 45 billion yuan. With over 24,000 people, the huge market prospects will obviously benefit the enterprises in the industry; secondly, the policy environment of the aviation maintenance market is getting better and better, and the local government also develops aviation maintenance as an important industry; finally, from the perspective of the capital market It also provides opportunities for the development and growth of aviation maintenance enterprises.
Not only that, the opening of low-altitude airspace has also opened up a greater door for the civil aviation market in China. Recently, Ma Xin, deputy director of the Office of the National Air Traffic Control Commission and the first general technical expert of national air traffic control, revealed that starting next year, China ’s low-altitude airspace management reform will enter the national promotion stage, and relevant departments are currently working on the development of low-altitude airspace management. Regulations and specific measures such as general aviation mission approval measures.
Low-altitude reform opens next year to promote the nationwide aviation maintenance market